BAUGH in Pulaski Co. KY
The surname "Baugh" is of English origin. However,
especially before 1800, German surnames were routinely
anglicized. Barth became Beard, Zimmerman became Carpenter,
and Bach became Baugh. Thus there are two groups of Baughs
in the United States. Probably the more numerous are Baughs
of English origin, largely descended from early settlers in
Virginia. Many of these Baughs migrated to various parts of
the South. Of German Bachs, some kept the original spelling,
some changed to "Back," and one family in particular changed
The English Baugh family is discussed at
Mike Page's website and Mark Arslan's website
Also check out Ivan Baugh's website "Baugh Branches."
Melissa Munn "Lissa" has an interesting Baugh webpage
with both English and German Baugh information.
I will confess that I am a little distressed by pages like
one. I took the time to obtain the microfilm from the church in
Eggenstein, and have the skill to read the old German, and did the leg
work to get the dates for these earliest Baughs, and I see no
acknowledgement whatever of either me or of my sources. She gives no
indication of what is speculative, because she evidently doesn't
know. It is all just presented as fact. I suppose this is useful on
some level but it's not real genealogy. I also find it annoying that
the birth dates in Germany are given in the double date form
(1711/1712) when this would only be appropriate for England or
America. Protestant Germany adopted the Gregorian calendar in 1700,
whereas England (and English colonies) waited until 1752.
Please send comments on this web page to Frank Deis at the email
I have recently put up a lot of data about the descendants of Bartle
Bach in my computer file. Take a look at the
It is the thesis of this paper that all of the Baughs in
Pulaski County, KY are members of a single family, and are
descended from Bartholomaeus "Bartle" BACH who was born
around 1684 and lived in Eggenstein, Baden, Germany before coming to
Philadelphia aboard the Friendship in 1738. The first known
record of Bartle Bach is his wedding, listed in the
Eggenstein church record book (ECB) in 1711:
- 28 July, 1711 "Barthel Bach, frankish blacksmith and
Margretha, daughter of Michel Ebert, a citizen and
Since it isn't common knowledge what is meant by
"Frankish" I should address that point briefly. The Franks
were an important German tribe. Charlemagne was a Frank, as
was the first elected German king, Conrad I. In 1711
Eggenstein, saying someone is "frankish" means that he came
either from the region around Nuremberg and Wuerzburg
(eastern Franconia) or the much closer region around Mainz
(Rhenish Franconia). Since Bartle Bach was evidently from
"out of town" (the records don't go back to 1684, so this
can't be checked) we have no birth record for him. NOTE In
Sept. 2008 I received information from George W. Durman. On his
website he says that "Bartholomew Baugh" was born in
1684 in Baumholder, Saarbrucken, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany in 1684 and
died in 1789, and that his son Adam was born in
Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Kreis Karlsruhe, Baden in about 1720 and
died in Virginia in about 1804. The birthplace and death date for
"Bartholomew" are new to me and there is an exciting prospect that I
might be able to find a microfilm for the town of Baumholder, and find his
parents. I have not yet had time to investigate this.
In the Eggenstein church book (ECB) , birth records for four
children of Bartle Bach appear, and death records for two of
them: Johann Georg (1 Feb 1712 - 14 Sep 1712), Eva Catharina
(17 Jan 1717 - ), Hans Adam (2 Dec 1719 - ), and Elisabetha
(Dec 1727 - Oct 1732). The next record of Bartle Bach's
family is in German documents (HKR) where he is applying to
emigrate to Pennsylvania. He evidently paid a manumission
fee and departed on Feb 1, 1738. Hacker states that he left
with "wife and two children." His arrival is documented in
Strassburger and Hinke, vol. I, pages 225, 228, and 230 (PGP).
The ship Friendship arrived Sept. 20, 1738, and the male
passengers had to sign various lists. Bartle's age was given
as 54 and Adam's as 18. The women, Bartle's wife Margretha
and daughter Eva Catharina, did not have to sign and were not
specifically recorded. Here is an image of
Adam and Bartle's signatures, third and second on the list.
There are some interesting facets to the passenger list.
There were "Stober" families living in Eggenstein and its
vicinity, and one of the passengers on the Friendship was
Philipp Stober "Stover" 31 years old from Schroeck, a nearby
town (HKR). This is interesting because it appears that Johann
Caspar Stoever baptized most of the Baugh babies who were
born in Pennsylvania. And the fact that Bartle and his son
signed these lists, and the signatures were preserved (PGS),
provided a critical piece of evidence that these particular
Bach immigrants are connected to the Kentucky Baugh family.
The signature of Adam Bach at age 18 is a perfect match with
the signature on his will, at age 72 in Wythe County, VA.
(The will was drawn up on 9 Jun 1792 and probated on 11 Dec
1804. It is filed under "Adam Bough" but is signed in the
old German script, "Adam Bach."). Here is an image showing how
Adam signed his will.
After the immigration, Bartle Bach disappears from the
records. Bartle's daughter, Eva Catarina Bach, marries John
Wilhelm Ernst (19 Aug 1739). It is worth mentioning that a
Johann Wendel Ernst, a "single tailor" from Spoeck (HKR), a town
close to Eggenstein, had come over a year before the Bach
family (on the ship William, which arrived 31 Oct 1737)(PGP).
Adam Bach shows up (surname spelled as Bach, Boch,
Bough, etc.) repeatedly. Several records reveal that he
lived near Annville, which is close to Lebanon, PA. At that
time, Lancaster County PA was much larger than it is today,
and it included the area of Lebanon. Annville, just west of
Lebanon, was sometimes called Quitapohila, (now Quittapahilla)
after a nearby
stream, and was the location of the Hill Church, an early
Lutheran church for local Germans. Note that while many
immigrants belonged to dissenting religious groups, such as
the Amish, the Bach family was Lutheran. Some records of
this church were published in "Notes and Queries." Rev. John
Caspar Stoever served as minister from 1731 to 1779. His
personal records have also been published, and don't appear
to overlap with the church records. I will designate the
records from "Notes and Queries" as N&Q and those from
Stoever's records as JCS. A third source of information
about Adam Bach is the Pennsylvania Archives, Series 3. I
will designate this as PA3. Here is a summary of records
which place Adam Bach in this area:
1744 Daughter Anna Catarina born, baptized JCS
1749 100 Acres surveyed in Lancaster Co PA PA3
1753 Missing cow, German newspaper Sowers Newspaper (HOK)
1753 Godparents (sponsors) John Adam Ergebrecht N&Q
1753 Son John Michael born, baptized N&Q
1757 Godparents (sponsors) Mary Barbara Stroh N&Q
1760 Daughter Anna Elizabetha born, baptized N&Q
1765 Daughter Anna Maria born, baptized JCS
1769 Adam Bach, Jr. marries Barbara Flohr JCS
1772 Adam Bach is "inmate" on tax list, Lancaster Co PA3
It is clear that the Baugh family moved down to what is
now Wythe County Virginia shortly before the start of the
Revolutionary War, but the timing is a little obscure. In
Jan. 1774, Jacob Baugh, son of Adam, is in the Virginia
Militia -- but in 1777 Adam and Michael Bach sign the loyalty
oath in Frederick, MD. Was the family moving north and
south, or was this perhaps Adam Bach, Jr. living in
A correspondent, Merle
Crowe has shed some light on this problem. Here is what he sent me:
- In the Wythe County, Virginia court records dated 31 Aug. 1831 there is
a deposition by Mary Miller 65 years old, wife of Martin Miller, in the
matter of a land dispute. In this deposition she states that her
father, Adam Baugh, bought the land when she was 4 years old from Jacob
Dobler for 40 shillings. She goes on to say that Adam lived there for 40
years. This land was described as adjoining the "German Congregation".
- I also have a land survey from Montgomery County, Virginia, Vol. A-C,
page 141. A survey dated 13 Dec. 1773 for 287 acres made for Adam Baugh.
The land is described as being on the "South Branch of Reed Creek" and
as being part of a tract assigned to the "Loyal Land Company".
- From these facts it appears that Adam Sr. probably moved to Southwest
Virginia some time in the early 1770's. Mary would place him there about
1770 and the survey about 1773. The Adam in Maryland would have been
The heirs of Adam Baugh as listed in his will are as follows:
- George and Henry (listed together)
- George the oldest son of Adam Bough deceased
- Katharine Stiffy
- Barbara Hoover
- Leonard, Michael, & Jacob (listed together)
- Elizabeth & Mary
If we assume that aside from George and Henry, who took
priority because they were working Adam Baugh's land at the
time he made the will in 1792, the other children are listed
in birth order, we come up with something like this:
- Adam Baugh Jr born ca. 1741
- Katharine Stiffy = Anna Catarina born 12 Nov 1744
- Barbara Hoover born ca. 1747
- Leonard born ca. 1750
- Michael = John Michael born 21 May 1753
- Jacob born ca. 1756 [we had an exact date of 19 Oct
1752 for Jacob. This has to be wrong because it is seven
months before Michael's birth date. His pension application
stated that he was "born in Penn. Oct 19, year not
recollected" and that he was "about 81" in Sept. 1833.]
- George born ca. 1758
- Elizabeth = Anna Elizabetha born 14 Jul 1760
- Henry born 12 Apr 1762 [no church record -- date on
stone and in family records]
- Mary = Anna Maria born 4 Apr 1765 [married Martin Miller]
I have done no research on the daughters in this family,
and little research on the sons other than Henry, my
ancestor, and the ancestor of many Pulaski County KY Baughs.
What is known about the sons can be summarized briefly:
- Adam Jr. had died by 1792 when the will was written.
Adam Sr.'s will only mentions one son of Adam Jr., namely
George. There is circumstantial evidence that this George
did move down to Wythe along with the rest of the family, and
that it is he in the local church records in the 1790's with
wife Katharine. Adam, Jr. married Barbara Flohr in PA in
1769. It is interesting that "in 1799, the Reverend George
Daniel Flohr served in St. Paul as well as St. John's in
Wytheville. [until his death in 1826]" (STP) George and
Katharine have a daughter, Maria Barbara, baptized in St.
Paul's Church in 1796. Later, George and Katharine Baugh,
about the right age, live in Russell Co., KY with son
Sollomon. Darius and Marcellius Baugh, who live nearby, are
evidently the sons of an English Baugh, Abraham Jr. (1773-1833)
from Virginia and his wife Martha Johnson.
- Leonard appears on the 1810 census of Berkely Co. VA
(now WV) with a large family, which appears to have 5 boys
and 6 girls. Other records of this family have not been
found to date. Mary Louise Bone wrote a paper (MLB) about a branch
of the Baugh family which moved west from Pennsylvania. She
says that there were three brothers -- "Michael was born in
1793 ... [or] about 1775. ... It is known that Michael's
brother George lived in Vincennes, Indiana and that his
brother Jacob moved to Iowa." From the given names in this
family, it seems a very strong possibility that these are
descendants of Bartle Bach, but they can not be, as Ms. Bone
suggests, sons of our Adam Baugh. There may be some
confusion about which generation is which. This Michael had
children named Sara (b. 1817), George Hayes (b. 1818),
Leonard (b. 1819) and Jonathan (b. 1821) all evidently born
in Pickaway Co. OH. Could Michael be a son of Leonard
Baugh, or possibly a younger son of Adam Jr., and a grandson
of Adam Sr.? The similarity of naming in this family strongly
suggests a connection. But recently I heard from Russ Ehler
email Zwonk@aol.com who said:
"My forebear Conrad Butt/Conrad Botte, a Hessian soldier, reportedly deserted
the British army in October 1777 with a friend, Leonard Bach/Baugh. Both are
supposed to have married English women. Both ended up in Pickaway Co, OH
where they died. Of interest to me is that Conrad Butt's daughter married
Leonard Bach/Baugh's son George and these went on to live on Parke Co, IN
where I found their graves late last fall."
If you are interested in the Baughs of Pickaway Co. OH or Parke Co., IN
please contact Russ Ehler.
- Michael appears on the 1789 tax list of Montgomery
County(T89), right next to Adam, George, and Henry, and a small
distance from Jacob. He appears frequently in the church
records with his wife Catharina. Mary B. Kegley in her notes
on the Kimberling Church records (KCH) says "Michael resided in
Black Lick in northwestern Wythe County but did not remain
there." The fate of Michael's children is currently unknown.
Only two are known from church records -- Leonard b. 1790 and
Maria Margaret b. 1792 (KCH). However, on the
1810 census, Michael appears to have two boys and three girls
under 16. It is possible that the Baugh families on the 1850
census of Russell Co. VA are Michael's descendants, since
there is an elderly woman named Catharine Baugh with the Ray
family, not far from the household of Absolem Baugh (b. 1803)
and his wife Elizabeth (Plessley) Baugh who mar. in Wythe Co.
VA in 1830. Most other Baugh families had left Wythe County
by that date, and it seems that perhaps only Michael's family was left.
- Jacob, wife Barbara, and his family tended to live at a
slight remove from the rest of the Baughs. He was in the
area which is now Wythe Co. VA from 1774 to 1812, and then
he moved to Pulaski County KY following his younger brother
Henry. Some of his family moved to Lincoln County, KY, just
north of Pulaski, others stayed in Pulaski, and some moved up
to Indiana. Jacob's family appears rather rarely in
conventional records such as church books or wills, and thus
his children have been assigned on the basis of educated
guesswork. Esther Baugh who married Henry Vaught Sr. in
Wythe Co. VA in 1795 may be Jacob's daughter. Adam Baugh who
married Magdalena and was the father of Jacob b. 1798 and
Abraham b. 1801 (KCH) appears to be a son.
Other presumed sons include Jacob Jr. (b. 1780?) who married
Eleanor Ware, Gasper/Casper (b. 1793?) who married Dorcas
Nicholson and then Barbara Reed, Henry (b. 1793?) who married
Susannah Derham and/or Delilah Eade, and John (b. 1802?) who
married Sarah "Sally" Williams. The sons lived in Pulaski
Co., KY, except John who moved to Lincoln Co. KY.
- George stayed on the family farm in Wythe Co. VA when
Henry moved out to Kentucky. He died there, leaving a will
(1827) which names his wife Elizabeth and his children:
George Jr. b. 1780, Henry b. 1781 who married Elizabeth,
Elizabeth Wiseman b. 1788, Peter b. 1792, Margaret Etter b.
1793, Mary Blackard b. 1796, David b. 1800 who married
Catharine, and Joseph b. 1803 who married Barbara (birth
dates approximate). It is interesting that none of his male
heirs stayed in Virginia or went to Kentucky -- these Baughs
all settled in Indiana, specifically in Lawrence Co. and
Monroe Co. IN. His son Henry married Elizabeth Miller,
which helps to distinguish him from the other Henry Baughs.
- Henry Baugh (son of Adam Sr.) was the youngest son in
the family. Some have expressed surprise that he received
such a large portion of the inheritance (half his father's
farm) but this was not unusual in the German-speaking
community. The youngest brother gets the farm. This is of
course the opposite of the English practice of primogeniture.
Henry moved to Pulaski Co. KY in 1808, evidently taking a
route through Tennessee, since his son Henry stated on the
census that he was "born in Tennessee." It is safe to say
that most of the Pulaski County KY Baughs can claim Henry as
an ancestor (except for those in his brother Jacob's family). Many of
Henry's descendants are still there in Pulaski County, but of
course others of us have spread out around the entire
country. In the period around 1850, some of Henry's
descendants had moved to Lincoln Co KY or parts of Indiana
Henry Baugh "of the Revolution" left a will which named
his wife Peggy and his children. These include Katy Cormany
b. 1786, Eve Burns b. 1789, Adam b. 1791, Barbara Hines b.
1792, Maria Magdalena b. 1796 (d. young?), Christine
Hendrickson b. 1797, Margaret "Peggy" Young b. 1798, John b.
1799, Christian/Christopher b. 1804, William b. 1806, and
Henry Jr. b. 1808 (dates mostly approximate). Henry Sr. "of
the Revolution" married Maria Margaretta Phillipi in
Montgomery County VA in 1786 (MCM). The region that later
became Wythe Co. was part of Montgomery Co. at that time.
Henry Sr. is the ancestor of most Baugh families in Pulaski
Co. KY. He moved there in 1808, after obtaining a 200 acre
square tract of land "on the waters of Fishing Creek" (179
rods per side) previously assigned to Elkins Hand. Henry
divided this land equally and sold the halves to his sons
Adam and Henry in 1832. Here is an essay on Baugh family
land transactions. He applied for a pension for his
Revolutionary War service, and the pension was granted to his
widow after his death.
I have not researched the daughters of Henry Baugh. Here is what
I know about the sons of Henry Baugh, "of the Revolution."
son Adam appears on Pulaski County KY tax lists from 1813 to
1853, possibly the year of his death. He married Jenny Young
in Pulaski Co. in 1812. Adam left a will written in 1831
which named only his son John, but he appears to have had at
least three sons including William b. 1815 who married
Priscilla Able, John Jr. b. 1817 who married Sarah Burk, and
Harrison/Harmon b. 1819 who married Eleanor Newell.
- Henry's son John married Scyntha Lay in 1826, appears on
tax records starting in 1820, and is on the census until
1860. His children have been assigned by educated guesswork,
in the absence of a will. They appear to include Margaret
Bennett b. 1828, Sarah Gaston b. 1830, Mahala Richardson b.
1832, Jefferson Perry Baugh b. 1835 who married Malvina
Gaston, Ephriam Baugh b. 1837 who married Eliza Ann Gaston
and appears to have been killed in the Civil War, Jane van
Hook b. 1839, William Henry b. 1842 who moved to Indiana,
John b. 1843 who died in the Civil War, and Willis C. who
married Nancy Jane Reynolds in 1869.
- Henry's son Christopher married Hannah Langwill and
moved to Monroe Co., IN. His children included Sarah b.
1830, Margaret b. 1831, Elizabeth b. 1835, Henry b. 1839 who
married Leatha Bales and fought in the Civil War, and died in
Spencer IN in 1913, William b. 1845 and Thomas b. 1845 [sic?].
All of these Baughs lived in Indiana.Picture
of Christopher Baugh
- We know less about the family of Henry's son William. He married
Margaret b. 1809, last name unknown. His son Ephraim b. Dec. 25 1834
moved to Indiana and had a family there with wife Nancy F. Green. William
had a son Abner b. 1831 (mar. Nancy E., last name unknown), and
Nelson J. b. 1843. Daughters included Sarah b. 1837 and Margaret J. b. 1839.
Margaret married Philip Cormany in Pulaski Co. in 1852. William b. 1827
might have been another son.
- Henry's youngest son Henry Jr. married Delilah Cline and
left a will naming his wife and only two sons, Greenup and
Joseph W. Children listed in Bible records include Silas b.
1827 who moved to Lincoln Co. and married Lucy Huff Reid,
Hezekiah b. 1829 who married Amanda Baugh, Clarrisa Newell b.
1831, Marshall Baugh b. 1833 who married Margaret Ann "Peggy"
Baugh and who was killed in the Civil War, Milam Baugh b.
1835 who married Anna van Hook, Achilles b. 1836 who married
Sarah Catherine Young, Caroline Young b. 1839, Elliot/Ellet
b. 1840 who died in the Civil War, William b. 1845, died
young, Greenup b. 1846 who married first Mary Elizabeth van
Hook, and Joseph Warman "Warren" b. 1846 or 1847 who married
Syntha Ann Hall. James Baugh, listed with the family on the
1860 census, is not thought to be a son. Of the sons who served
in the Civil War, many fought with the
Thirteenth Kentucky Volunteer Cavalry
With the paucity of family or Bible records outside my
own line, and the multiplicity of Baughs in Pulaski Co. with
similar names, it has been impossible to assign every Baugh
found in the Pulaski Co. census or on other sources to a
specific line of descent. However, the means used to work
through some of the difficulties ought to be of general
interest. One serious problem in my own line lay in the fact
that I knew that my ancestor was a Henry Baugh, but nobody
was certain of who his parents were. In the Pulaski County
marriage records we find:
Henry Baugh married Susannah Derham 30 Jul/Aug 1823
Henry Baugh married Delilah Eade 22 Jan 1823
Henry Baugh married Delilah Clyne 10/7 Aug 1826
This was of course confusing, since all three were
roughly the same age. My family had a tradition that we had
"Durham" ancestors. One of my most helpful correspondents
(GHW) thought it most likely that our Henry had married
Delilah Eade. And another correspondent (RLJ) furnished me
with what appeared to be a transcribed Bible record that
named Delilah Clyne. This record would normally be enough
evidence to stop the search, but I wanted firmer evidence in
this particular case, so with the help of my collaborator
(KEI), I embarked on a study of the land
and tax records of
We found that old Henry Sr. of the Revolution had sold
his land to two of his sons, Adam and Henry Jr. Later
transactions which had to be this Henry Jr. named his wife,
Delilah. Of course, oddly enough, two of the possible wives
were named Delilah, but we could exclude Susannah at least
after 1826. The fact that various Clyne family members lived
in the vicinity added to the preponderance of evidence that
our Henry's wife had to be Delilah Clyne. When Henry's son
Silas was located in Lincoln Co., that added weight to the
Bible record which also named Delilah Clyne as Henry's wife.
Finally, in Greenup Baugh's extensive Civil War pension
papers, his mother was named specifically as "Lila Clyne."
It is still unclear who is mentioned in those other
marriage records. Our working hypothesis is that Jacob had a
son Henry who was a few years older than our Henry Jr.
Perhaps he married Susannah Derham, and after she died, quite
soon after the wedding, he married Delilah Eade.
- ECB Eggenstein Church Book (modern postal code of Eggenstein 76344)
- GHW Gladys Hines Wray, correspondence
- HKR "Auswanderungen aus Baden und dem Breisgau" von Werner
Hacker, Konrad Theiss Verlag, Stuttgart und Aalen, 1980.
- HOK "Genealogical Data Relating to German Settlers of PA
1743-1800" by Edw. W. Hocker, Genealogical Publishing, Inc.,
Baltimore MD 1981.
- JCS "Early Lutheran Baptisms and Marriages in SE Pa., The
Records of Rev. John Casper Stoever from 1730 to 1779," with
an index by Elizabeth P. Bentley. Genealogical Publishing
Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD 1982.
- KCH "Kimberling Church, Wythe County, Virginia: Annotated
Baptismal and Cemetery Records" by Beverly Repass Hoch, Mary
B. Kegley, and Timothy D. Smith. Kegley Books, Wytheville, VA.
- KEI Karen Isaacson
- MCM "A Brief of Wills and Marriages in Montgomery and
Fincastle Counties, VA 1773-1831" by Anne Lowry Worrell,
Roanoke, VA from microfilm 0032634.
- MLB paper by Mary Louise Bone
- N&Q "Records of 'The Hill Church'," Notes and Queries, pages
236, 238, 257, 1898.
- PA3 "Pennsylvania Archives Series 3," vol. 24 p. 365 and vol.
17 p. 286 (Lancaster Co.)
- PGM "Pennsylvania German Marriages," by Donna R. Irish,
Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD 1984.
- PGP "Pennsylvania German Pioneers" vol. 1 and 2, by Ralph
Beaver Strassburger, LL. D. and William John Hinke, Ph. D.,
D. D., reprint by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.,
Baltimore, MD 1980.
- PGS "Pennsylvania German Pioneers -- Facsimile Signatures
Volume 1727-1775" by Ralph Beaver Strassburger, LL. D. and
William John Hinke, Ph. D., D.D., reprint by Genealogical
Books in Print, Springfield, VA 1992.
- RLJ Ruby Lester Jasper, correspondence & Bible record
- STP "St. Paul Lutheran Church, Wythe County, Virginia:
Annotated Baptismal Records 1793-1833" by Mary B. Kegley,
Kegley Books, Wytheville, VA 1991.
- T00 "1800 Tax Lists & Abstracts of Deeds [1796-1800] of
Wythe County, Virginia" by Netti Schreiner-Yantis, 1971.
- T87 "The 1787 Census of Virginia -- Montgomery County; The
Personal Property Tax Lists for the year 1787 for Montgomery
County, Virginia" by Netti Schreiner-Yantis and Florene
Speakman Love, Genealogical Books in Print, Springfield, VA 1987.
- T89 "Montgomery County Virginia -- Circa 1790; A
Comprehensive Study -- including the 1789 Tax Lists,
Abstracts of over 800 Land Surveys & Data Concerning
Migration." by Netti Schreiner-Yantis, 1972.
- WCM "Wythe County Marriages 1790-1850" by John Vogt and T.
William Kethley, Jr., Iberian Publishing Company, Athens, GA 1984.
- WCW "Wythe County, Virginia Will Books 1-2, 1790-1822" by
James L. Douthat, Malita Murphy, and Roberta D. Hatcher,
Mountain Press, Signal Mountain, TN 1984.
- ZCH "Zion Church, Wythe County, Virginia: Annotated
Baptismal Records 1791 - 1835" compiled by Mary B. Kegley.
Kegley Books, Wytheville, VA 1991.